As the poorest continent, Africa is considered the world´s most susceptible region to climate change due to its vulnerability and inability to cope with the physical, human and socio-economic consequences of climate change. The geographical conditions imply that, even if it is possible to stop global warming to 2ºC, the region will suffer with high temperatures, going up to more than 4ºC, which will cause an increase of at least 10% in the Sahara Desert, this represents a serious desertification in areas such as the Sahel and Southern Africa where several of the poorest nations in the world are found.
West Africa is unfortunately becoming the bastion of terrorism in Africa. An increasingly worrying situation, the conflict between government forces and armed groups linked to ISIS and Al Qaeda, has caused a lot of damage to the region in the last decade, causing major humanitarian crisis. Almost 7,000 people have died due to the increase of fighting in the last year, according to the statistics from the Data project on Armed conflicts and locations. According to the United Nations, the continuing violence has caused the internal displacement of more than two million people. The almost permanent political instability, violation of democratic values, the large-scale corruption, increasing poverty, the rise to power of drug cartels and illegal gold, which contribute greatly to the financing of terrorism, are worsening the social, political and economic conditions in this part of Africa.
The conflict in the region of Sahel has led to one of the world’s largest humanitarian crises, with 24 million people in need of assistance this year and 13 million suffering from hunger, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).